The comb for each honeybee species is unique in structure and by the substrate that it is found on. Much of this has to do with the size of the bee and the kind of combs they create. In addition, nesting sites are very important factors for where the comb is built. It must not only be able to withstand the weight of a comb but also provide protection against adverse weather patterns or predators, and be decently close to a water/ food source.
Ideal nesting sites will be in somewhat open spaces while also being covered from wind disturbance. In addition, the combs will often be built on branches that face west and people believe it is because the bees prefer the evening light. In regards to the Giant Rock Bee, they prefer nesting sites on riverine trees in order to place their combs near a stream or river. When honey hunters of the Nilgiris notice that a tree has the proper qualities to be a nesting site then they will start clearing the undergrowth as well as small trees. This is to ensure that the qualified nest tree will be seen by the honeybees and that the clearing itself will be good circulation for the bees.
In order to keep the honey flowing and the pollinators of the regions, it is important to monitor the number of accessible honey habitats and this is done by counting the number of bee colonies – prior to and after honey hunting. The mapping is being carried out to observe fluctuations and migrations of bees from region to others.