Of the 15 hills in the region of the state of Tamil Nadu, the honey hunters are located at large in the Nilgiris, Palnis and the Sathyamangalam hills. Honey hunting is done mainly by 11 distinct tribal groups living on the fringe of these forested areas.
The honey hunting season is from April to July and the hunting is considered a ritual by the indigenous people, entailing both folklores, fasts and pujas. The honey hunting is done by a team which has a lead hunter and he is the one who ascends the ladder in order to harvest the honey from the cliffs. The rope ladder in itself is made of forest vines, built by the team, which is hung below from the top of a cliff or a tree. Honey hunting is as much a tradition as a source of livelihood and an art in itself. Even hunters who live outside the community will try and make it home for the annual honey search.
The honey hunting related activities carried out by Keystone includes establishing a form of network and provide training on better harvesting and filtration techniques to remunerate the tribals with a significantly higher price.