The Western Ghats movement, a pioneering civil society movement, is aimed at redefining, questioning, and building up grassroots activism in order to promote conservation, the protection of natural resources, and existing livelihoods in the region. It was initiated in 1987-88 with the historic Save the Western Ghats march and was reignited by a group of activists, including Keystone-founder Pratim Roy, in 2009.

This group worked hard in 2009 to organize the annual meeting of civil society representatives from Western Ghats and mobilized about 200 + organizations and individuals. To continue the effort and to form a strong group lobbying for Western Ghats, the second annual meeting was organized by the group in 2010 to be held in Kotagiri, Tamil Nadu.