They live in the forested Wyanad region of the NBR. This is a matriarchal society and the women participate in agricultural operations, fishing, animal husbandry, fuel collection, etc. Most land is owned by lineages, wheras there are a few individual owners now. Traditionally, they were shifting cultivators and hunters but now they mostly farm or are farm labourers. Some Kuruchians are also in government jobs and in the defence. Government schemes and programmes have reached out to these communities.